File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
FTP is a protocol used for sending files between computers and over the internet.
The protocol or standard describes how this file transfer should be take place.
How does it happen?
The server will be running an "FTP server" application that is constantly listening for transfer requests.
Your computer will have an 'FTP client' that sets up the connection to the server. Normally an user-name and password is required to access the server.
Once the connection is set up, you can either download files from the server or upload file to the server.
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Click on this link: File Transfer Protocol