Artificial intelligence (or AI) is the ability of a computer to perform tasks such as reasoning and learning that human intelligence is capable of doing.
During the 2000s' AI systems were very specialised. For example a system called AlphaGo could beat world champions at the game 'Go'. There were AI systems that could assist in very specialised niches such as engineering design.
However, in 2017 a new type of algorithm was developed called a 'transformer' and that has allowed the current AI systems, such as ChatGPT to be far more capable of performing in general intelligence tasks. Modern AI systems include Large Language Models or LLM.
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